Select A State


Disease Name
Symptoms, description
AgueMalarial Fever
American PlagueYellow fever
AnasarcaGeneralized massive edema
AphthaThe infant disease "thrush"
ApoplexyParalysis due to stroke
Asphyxia/AsphicsiaCyanotic and lack of oxygen
AtrophyWasting away or diminishing in size.
Bad BloodSyphilis
Bilious feverTyphoid, malaria, hepatitis or elevated temperature & bile emesis
BiliousnessJaundice associated with liver disease
Black Plague Or DeathBubonic plague
Black feverAcute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions and high mortality rate
Black PoxBlack Small pox
Black VomitVomiting old black blood due to ulcers or yellow fever
Blackwater FeverDark urine associated with high temperature
Bladder In ThroatDiphtheria (Seen on death certificates)
Blood PoisoningBacterial infection; septicemia
Bloody FluxBloody stools
Bloody SweatSweating sickness
Bone ShaveSciatica
Brain FeverMeningitis
BreakboneDengue fever
Bright's DiseaseChronic inflammatory disease of kidneys
Bronze JohnYellow fever
BuleBoil, tumor or swelling
Caco GastricUpset stomach
CacospysyIrregular pulse
CaduceusSubject to falling sickness or epilepsy
Camp FeverTyphus; aka Camp diarrhea
Canine MadnessRabies, hydrophobia
CankerUlceration of mouth or lips or herpes simplex
CatalepsySeizures / trances
CatarrhalNose and throat discharge from cold or allergy
CerebritisInflammation of cerebrum or lead poisoning
ChilblainSwelling of extremities caused by exposure to cold
Child bed feverInfection following birth of a child
Chin CoughWhooping cough
ChlorosisIron deficiency anemia
CholeraAcute severe contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing
Cholera morbusCharacterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc. Could be appendicitis
CholecystitisInflammation of the gall bladder
CholelithiasisGall stones
ChoreaDisease characterized by convulsions, contortions and dancing
Cold PlagueAgue which is characterized by chills
ColicAn abdominal pain and cramping
Congestive chills/ feverMalaria
CongestionAny collection of fluid in an organ, like the lungs
Congestive ChillsMalaria with diarrhea
Congestive FeverMalaria
CoryzaA cold
Cramp colicAppendicitis
Crop sicknessOverextended stomach
CroupLaryngitis, diphtheria, or strep throat
CyanosisDark skin color from lack of oxygen in blood
CynancheDiseases of throat
CystitisInflammation of the bladder
Day FeverFever lasting one day; sweating sickness
DebilityLack of movement or staying in bed
DecrepitudeFeebleness due to old age
Delirium TremensHallucinations due to alcoholism
DengueInfectious fever endemic to East Africa
DentitionCutting of teeth
DeplumationTumor of the eyelids which causes hair loss
Diary FeverA fever that lasts one day
DiphtheriaContagious disease of the throat
DistemperUsually animal disease with malaise, discharge from nose & throat, anorexia
Dock feverYellow fever
DropsyEdema (swelling), often caused by kidney or heart disease
Dropsy of the BrainEncephalitis
DysenteryInflammation of colon with frequent passage of mucous and blood
Dry BellyacheLead poisoning
DyscrasyAn abnormal body condition
DysorexyReduced appetite
DyspepsiaIndigestion and heartburn. Heart attack symptoms
DysuryDifficulty in urination
EclampsySymptoms of epilepsy, convulsions during labor
EcstasyA form of catalepsy characterized by loss of reason
EdemaNephrosis; swelling of tissues
Edema Of LungsCongestive heart failure, a form of dropsy
Eel thingErysipelas
ElephantiasisA form of leprosy
EncephalitisSwelling of brain; aka sleeping sickness
Enteric feverTyphoid fever
EnterocolitisInflammation of the intestines
EnteritisInflations of the bowels
EpistaxisNose bleed
ErysipelasContagious skin disease, due to Streptococci with vesicular and bulbous lesions
Extravasated BloodRupture of a blood vessel
Falling sicknessEpilepsy
Fatty LiverCirrhosis of liver
FitsSudden attack or seizure of muscle activity; epilepsy
FluxAn excessive flow or discharge of fluid like hemorrhage or diarrhea
Flux Of HumourCirculation
French PoxSyphilis
GatheringA collection of pus
Glandular FeverMononucleosis
Great PoxSyphilis
Green fever/sicknessAnemia
Grippe/gripInfluenza like symptoms
Grocer's itchSkin disease caused by mites in sugar or flour
Heart sicknessCondition caused by loss of salt from body
Heat strokeBody temperature elevates because of surrounding environment temperature and body does not perspire to reduce temperature. Coma and death result if not reversed
Hectical complaintRecurrent fever
HematemesisVomiting blood
HematuriaBloody urine
HemiplegyParalysis of one side of body
Hip goutOsteomyelitis
HorrorsDelirium tremens
HydrocephalusEnlarged head, water on the brain
HydropericardiumHeart dropsy
HydrothoraxDropsy in chest
HypertrophicEnlargement of organ, like the heart
ImpetigoContagious skin disease characterized by pustules
InanitionPhysical condition resulting from lack of food
Infantile paralysisPolio
Intestinal colicAbdominal pain due to improper diet
Jail feverTyphus
JaundiceCondition caused by blockage of intestines
King's evilTuberculosis of neck and lymph glands
KeuchhustenWhooping cough
La GrippeRussian Influenza
LockjawTetanus or infectious disease affecting the muscles of the neck and jaw. Untreated, it is fatal in 8 days
Long sicknessTuberculosis
Lues diseaseSyphilis
Lues veneraVenereal disease
LumbagoBack pain
Lung feverPneumonia
Lung sicknessTuberculosis
Lying inTime of delivery of infant
Malignant sore throatDiphtheria
MarasmusProgressive wasting away of body, like malnutrition
Membranous CroupDiphtheria
MeningitisInflation of brain or spinal cord
MetritisInflammation of uterus or purulent vaginal discharge
MiasmaPoisonous vapors thought to infect the air
Milk feverDisease from drinking contaminated milk, like undulant fever or brucellosis
Milk legPost partum thrombophlebitis
Milk sicknessDisease from milk of cattle that had eaten poisonous weeds
MorphewScurvy blisters on the body
MortificationGangrene of necrotic tissue
MyelitisInflammation of the spine
MyocarditisInflammation of heart muscles
NecrosisMortification of bones or tissue
NephrosisKidney degeneration
NephritisInflammation of kidneys
Nervous prostrationExtreme exhaustion from inability to control physical and mental activities
NeuralgiaDescribed as discomfort, such as "Headache" was neuralgia in head
PalsyParalysis or uncontrolled movement of controlled muscles. It was listed as "Cause of death"
PemphigusSkin disease of watery blisters
PericarditisInflammation of heart
PeripneumoniaInflammation of lungs
PeritonitisInflammation of abdominal area
Petechial FeverFever characterized by skin spotting
Puerperal exhaustionDeath due to childbirth
PhthiriasisLice infestation
PhthisisChronic wasting away or a name for tuberculosis
PlagueAn acute febrile highly infectious disease with a high fatality rate
PleurisyAny pain in the chest area with each breath
PoliomyelitisPolio Potter's asthma – Fibroid pthisis
Pott's diseaseTuberculosis of spine
Puerperal exhaustionDeath due to childbirth
Puerperal feverElevated temperature after giving birth to an infant
Puking feverMilk sickness
Putrid feverDiphtheria.
QuinsyAbscess behind tonsils
Remitting feverMalaria
RheumatismAny disorder associated with pain in joints
RicketsDisease of skeletal system
Rose coldHay fever or nasal symptoms of an allergy
Rotanny fever(Child's disease)
RubeolaGerman measles
Sanguineous crustScab
ScarlatinaScarlet fever
Scarlet feverA disease characterized by red rash
Scarlet rashRoseola
SciaticaRheumatism in the hips
ScirrhusCancerous tumors
ScotomyDizziness, nausea and dimness of sight
Scrivener's palsyWriter's cramp
ScrofulaTuberculosis of neck lymph glands. Progresses slowly with abscesses and fistulas develop. Young person's disease
ScrumpoxSkin disease, impetigo
ScurvyLack of vitamin C. Symptoms of weakness, spongy gums and hemorrhages under skin
SepticemiaBlood poisoning
ShakesDelirium tremens
ShakingChills, ague
ShinglesViral disease with skin blisters
Ship feverTyphus
SiriasisInflammation of the brain due to sun exposure
SloesMilk sickness
Small poxContagious disease with fever and blisters
Softening of brainResult of stroke or hemorrhage in the brain, with an end result of the tissue softening in that area
Sore throat distemperDiphtheria or quinsy
Spanish influenzaEpidemic influenza
SpasmsSudden involuntary contraction of muscle or group of muscles, like a convulsion
Spina bifidaDeformity of spine
Spotted feverEither typhus or meningitis
SprueTropical disease characterized by intestinal disorders and sore throat
St. Anthony's fireAlso erysipelas, but named so because of affected skin areas are bright red in appearance
St. Vitas danceCeaseless occurrence of rapid complex jerking movements performed involuntary
StomatitisInflammation of the mouth
Stranger's feverYellow fever
Sudor anglicusSweating sickness
Summer complaintDiarrhea, usually in infants caused by spoiled milk
SunstrokeUncontrolled elevation of body temperature due to environment heat. Lack of sodium in the body is a predisposing cause
Swamp sicknessCould be malaria, typhoid or encephalitis
Sweating sicknessInfectious and fatal disease common to UK in 15th century
TetanusInfectious fever characterized by high fever, headache and dizziness
ThrombosisBlood clot inside blood vessel
ThrushChildhood disease characterized by spots on mouth, lips and throat
Tick feverRocky mountain spotted fever
Toxemia of pregnancyEclampsia
Trench mouthaphthous ulcers or a virus disease
ThrushChildhood disease characterized by spots on mouth, lips and throat
TuberculosisBacterial infection that primarily attacks the lungs, but which may also affect the kidneys, bones, lymph nodes, and brain. Symptoms of TB include coughing, chest pain, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, chills, and fatigue.
Tussis convulsivaWhooping cough
TyphusInfectious fever characterized high fever, headache, and dizziness
Viper's danceSt. Vitus Dance
Wasting DiseaseCancer
Water on brainEnlarged head
White swellingTuberculosis of the bone
Winter feverPneumonia
Womb feverInfection of the uterus
Worm fitConvulsions associated with teething, worms, elevated temperature or diarrhea
YellowjacketYellow fever

Page content reviewed and/or updated by the Advisory Board 2022 Dec

Quick Links
Contact Us

The USGenWeb Project, Free Genealogy Online

Contact the National Coordinator with Project questions, suggestions, or concerns.

Contact any Web Management Team member for website questions, suggestions, or concerns.

Please include a link if your inquiry is about a specific page or Project website.